The treatment of periodontal disease will vary depending on how severely it has progressed. As periodontal pockets form between teeth and fill with bacteria, gums will continue to recede from the teeth. Underneath the gums, the infection will damage the bone that supports the teeth as well, eventually causing those teeth to become loose.
In the early stages of the disease, known as gingivitis, one or two specific dental cleanings will be advised. That, coupled with an improvement of oral hygiene at home, should reverse the gingivitis before any damage is done.
When the disease has become more advanced, a procedure called periodontal cleaning is needed. This involves scaling and root planing, which is a deep cleaning, and is usually performed on one quadrant of the mouth per visit. This procedure involves the removal of plaque and bacteria at and below the gum line, allowing the gums to heal. Medicated mouth wash is often advised after the procedure to aid in healing as well.
In cases where the periodontal pockets do not heal after the periodontal cleaning, your dentist may refer you to a periodontist a specialist of gums and bone that support teeth. The periodontist may need to perform periodontal surgery to reduce pockets between teeth.
If you have periodontal disease or would like to schedule a periodontal exam, call (336) 841-000 today.